How to Plant an Avocado Seed Correctly
If you love avocados and live in the hardiness zones 8 through 11, then you should really consider growing them. Avocados are actually very easy to grow. As well, you can even grow them indoors as a stunning houseplant.
- 1 A Variety of Types
- 2 How to Plant an Avocado Seed
- 3 Starting Your Avocado in Water
- 4 How to Plant an Avocado Seed in a Water Container
- 5 How to Plant an Avocado Seed by Planting a Sprouted Tree
- 6 How to Plant an Avocado Seed in the Ground
A Variety of Types
There are three main types of avocados, all have distinctive sizes and contain different amounts of oil – West Indian types (Persea Americana Mill. var. Americana), Mexican types (Persea Americana var. Drymifolia Blake) and Guatemalan avocados (Persea Nubigena var. Guatamalensis L. Wms). The West Indian avocado is the largest and has the least amount of oil. The Mexican avocado is the creamiest and has the most amount of oil. Guatemalan avocados are a combo of the West Indian and Mexican types.
How to Plant an Avocado Seed
There are numerous ways to propagate an avocado. One of the most common and easiest ways to learn how to plant an avocado seed is in water. However, many experts claim that the roots of the tree will be a lot healthier if it is planted in the ground. Besides, not all avocado seeds will germinate in water.
Which Type of Avocado Is Best?
Starting Your Avocado in Water
Choose the Type
First off, decide which type of avocado you want to grow. Once you have decided which type is best, continue with the following procedures on how to plant an avocado seed.
Removing the Pit
Clean the Pit
Gently take the avocado pit to remove all of the fruit. It is best to wash the pit with warm water and to avoid using soap. Also, make sure that you do not remove the light brown seed cover since it may actually kill the pit.
Hold the pit with the pointed side up. Insert 4 toothpicks into the pit so that they are evenly spaced. The toothpicks allow you to place the pit inside a container without it being completely submerged in water. In fact, the pit should sit in about 1 inch of water.
How to Plant an Avocado Seed in a Water Container
Fill a container such as a slender glass jar with water. Generally, glass is the best option for a container. The opening of the container should be wide enough to hold the full width of the pit. Also, too wide of a container and the toothpicks will not reach the rims or edges and the pit will be underwater.
Placing the Avocado
Waiting for your avocado pit to sprout is the most difficult part of growing this beautiful plant. Be sure to place the container in a moderate, undisturbed place such as a window sill or other well-lit areas in your home.
Caring for your Plant
It is best to change the water about every two days so that mold or other bacteria do not grow. Also, makes sure that the pit is always in water. If it dries out, it will most likely die.
Typically it takes approximately two to three weeks for the brown layer of skin to slough off. Once this happens, the pit will split open at the top and bottom. Around three to four weeks, a taproot starts to grow. As well, the pit will begin to sprout at the top and produce a few leaf-buds that will soon open. Make sure to continue to water when needed.
How to Plant an Avocado Seed by Planting a Sprouted Tree
Select a Spot
Prepare the Soil
Avocados grow best in low saline soil with plenty of drainage. Avoid heavy fertilizing until the tree is at least a year old. The best fertilizer is a 10-10-10 fertilizer; feed two times a year.
Your avocado tree will need water on a daily basis. Don’t overwater; just make sure the soil stays moist. If the leaves turn yellow then you are overwatering. Allow the plant to dry out for one to two days. If the leaves turn brown at the tips, then your plant needs more water.
How to Plant an Avocado Seed in the Ground
Many experts agree that planting an avocado pit directly into the ground is the best and healthiest method of planting.
Make sure to select a top quality pit for planting. Cut the seed away from the fruit and gently wash with warm water. Locate the pointed end of the pit.
The Ideal Spot
Place the flat end of the pit down in the soil. Next, mound the soil around the pit. Make sure to leave part of the tip above the ground. Also, never stomp the soil with your hands or feet, you can damage the pit. Water the plant regularly to keep moist but not overly wet. If you suspect root rot, allow the plant to dry out for at least a day or two then resume watering.
Here you can also see an illustration of one of the methods:
If you love summer and also avocados, take advantage of the simple way to grow this amazing fruit. Then in a few years, you will actually be able to pick the fruit. As such, the best time to start growing an avocado tree is right now.
Moreover, learning how to plant an avocado seed is quite simple. Please share your experiences if you have tried to grow an avocado.
Image source: depositphotos.com