Watering Tips for a Flourishing Garden

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Water is the ultimate life-giving element. No living person, animal, or thing can exist on this Earth without this essential element. Plants are the same; they cannot live without moisture. Without it, they wilt and die. However, there is also such a thing as “too much” when it comes to watering your plants. For instance, if plants’ roots get submerged in too much water, they either rot or drown due to the lack of oxygen.

When it comes to watering your plants, what is needed is balance—that is, taking care that your plants get just the right amount of water to nurture them and make them grow, not too much and not too little. Here are some tips you can keep in mind:

  • Pay attention to the roots. Take note that it is the roots that need water and not the leaves. If you bathe the foliage, not only are you wasting water but you are also helping disease to spread.
  • Keep everything in moderation. How do you know that a plant has had enough water? One way of knowing is by lifting the pot or container; if it feels a little light, then it needs more water. For your garden, you can use a soil moisture sensor, which detects not just moisture but also the temperature, nutrition, and humidity of your soil. Water slowly to ensure that you completely soak the roots of the plant.
  • Water only when your plants need it. Reduce or avoid watering if there have been days of constant rainfall. As already mentioned, too much water can kill a plant. An automatic system and timer can automate your watering schedule for you.
  • Water in the mornings or in the early evening, when the temperature is cooler. This way, the water you lose because of evaporation is kept at a minimal. And if you do wet the leaves, they still have time to dry out.
  • Water smartly—that is, get to know your plants and where their roots are. For instance, lawns and annuals have their roots in the top six inches of the soil; for trees, perennials, and shrubs, their roots are in the top twelve. Knowing where their roots are ensures that you water them deeply and thoroughly.
  • Use the right tools. So you can focus your watering on the roots area, using a soaker hose rather than a sprinkler can be a smarter and more practical decision. If you want to be even more precise, you can use a drip irrigation system.
  • Practice mulching. Mulch is a covering consisting of compost or sawdust, whose purpose is to enhance the overall health and condition of the soil. Aside from minimizing surface runoff, it also slows down the process of evaporation.
  • Keep a backup supply of water in case of extended seasons of drought and you need to cut down on your water consumption. You can use rainwater, which you can store in containers provided by Rain Water Tanks.


Although different plants may absorb water in different ways—daffodils, for instance, keep water stored in their bulbs—one thing they all have in common is their need for water. (Even the lowly cactus in the desert need water, which it then stores in its stem.) This makes proper watering knowledge of crucial importance.

Jonathan E. Bass

Graduated from Middle Tennessee State University. I am currently a gardener. I have a small garden behind my house. I love it.

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